Organ transplantation means transplanting a healthy tissue or organ which is taken from a living donor or deceased donor in place of an organ which is not functioning in the body.
The purpose of organ transplant is to save the life of a patient who is at the end of his/her life due to organ failure and to improve lifetime and quality.
Organ transplant is a routine, valid and advanced treatment method in chronic organ disorders. The person who donates his/her organ is called donor.
Who can have organ transplant?
Advanced liver, kidney, heart and lung patients,
Patients who lost sight due to cornea diseases,
Diabetes patients with kidney failure,
Patients whose small intestines are significantly removed or dysfunctional,
Some blood, heart and lung diseases,
Patients who lost a significant part of skin,
Patients who lost a large part of their face cosmetically and functionally,
Patients who have significant damage in bones and tendons are eligible for tissue and organ transplant.
What are organ transplant methods?
1) Autograft: Removing a tissue or organ and placing it elsewhere in the same body.
2) Xenograft: Tissue and organ transplant between two different species.
3) Allograft: Tissue and organ transplant between two same species.
4) Isograft: Transplantation between identical twins who have identical genetic structures.
5) Split Transplantations: Sometimes, a cadaveric organ (especially liver) is shared among two receivers, generally an adult and a child.
6) Domino Transplantations: This operation is generally applied when both lungs need to be replaced (generally cystic fibrosis) and is preferred because it is technically easier to replace the lung and heart as a block. Meanwhile, as the own heart of the receiver is generally in good condition, it is transplanted to another donor.
Types of Organ Transplant
Cadaveric Organ Transplant:
Brain death is the complete loss of brain function.
If the organs of a patient who becomes brain dead while treatment is ongoing in the intensive care unit for reasons such as traffic accident, shooting, cerebral bleeding are donated, it is called cadaveric transplant and these patients are called cadaveric donors.
Living Organ Transplant
Organ is transplanted from a person who is the spouse or a relative of the patient, who has compatible tissue and blood type with the patient.