Hematology is a branch of medicine involving the study of blood diseases. Treatment of a large majority of these diseases is vital. Important developments have occurred in hematology in recent years. The rate of treatability of hematologic cancers is rapidly increasing.
What are hematologic diseases?
- Anemia, bone marrow deficiency or shortened lifetime of blood cells: Insufficiency of hemoglobin, the substance which carries oxygen in the blood, is called anemia, insufficiency of white cells is called leucopenia, insufficiency of cells called thrombocyte which makes blood clots is called thrombocytopenia. Anemia and impairment of red blood cells can have various reasons. For example: Sickle cell anemia and Thalassemia.
- Multiple myeloma, Hodgkin and Non-Hodking lymphoma, acute and chronic leukemia (AML, ALL, KML, KLL), myelodysplastic syndromes, myeloproliferative diseases and other bone marrow, blood and lymph gland diseases
- Bleeding and clotting disorders: Disorders in the blood clotting mechanism, bleeding, abnormal clotting.
- Diseases related to immune system