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Surgery is one of the oldest branches of medicine and is based on repairing diseases, injuries and deformities which cannot be treated with medication or other treatment methods, or cutting and removing the diseased organ and transforming it to its suitable form.
The term surgery comes from Latin “chirurgiae” and means “handicraft”.

Surgery types are generally called with the name of the respective organ or the system. For example, goitre (thyroid gland), breast, alimentary canal (esophagus), stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus, hernia, liver, gallbladder, biliary tract, endoscopic and laparoscopic surgical interventions are within the scope of general surgery.

When they are grouped by the systems, goiter surgeries, breast surgeries (tumors), esophagus, stomach, duodena, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus area surgeries: hemorrhoid, anal fissure, crack in the anus, perianal fistula, abscess in the anus, anus cancer, liver, hernia: inguinal, umbilical, femoral, stomach (reflux) hernia surgeries are within the scope of general surgery.
General Surgery aims for preventing surgery with preventive medicine in some cases.
What are types of surgery?  
Emergency surgeries: 

Gallbladder inflammation and gangrene, strangled hernia, thrombosed hemorrhoid, blocked or ruptured intestine cancer, apandicyte, etc.
Planned surgeries: 
Gallbladder, hernia, hemorrhoid, intestinal cancer etc.
Minimal invasive surgery: 
It is based on treatment of organs by entering body cavities from small openings. Laparoscopic gallbladder, appendicitis, hernia, reflux, intestinal surgeries etc. are routine operations. 


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