The most important function of our kidneys is to regulate water and salt balance of the body, clear blood from harmful wastes and ensure functioning of all organs and systems in accord. If our kidneys fail to do so, harmful substances, water and salt in various structures accumulate in our body and the chemical balance is impaired. In this case, mainly the heart and brain, and all other organs fail to function. The disease caused by dysfunction of the kidneys is called kidney failure or briefly, uremia.
Kidneys also excrete various hormones. These hormones help maintaining blood production, bone development and blood pressure on certain levels. In case of kidney failure, anemia, bone diseases and changes in blood pressure occur in addition to disorders in hormone release.
The human body has normally two kidneys, however, a healthy and sufficiently functional kidney can easily fulfill all needs of the body.
Kidney Failure Treatment
2. Peritoneal Dialysis
3. Kidney Transplant - from living or cadaveric donors.
What is dialysis?
Dialysis filters out harmful substances accumulated in blood in kidney failure, using special membranes and thus, clears the blood.
There are two types of dialysis:
1) Haemodialysis (machine dialysis)
2) Peritoneal dialysis (periton)
Today, haemodialysis is the most common treatment method for chronic kidney failure and is one of the most important medical developments of the twenty first century.