The heart is located at the center of our chest, right below the breast bone. The heart moves blood, which carries necessary nutrients and oxygen for our body in our circulation system and is made of a very durable muscle group. In cardiovascular surgery, operations are made for heart valve diseases, coronary artery disease, vascular and congenital heart diseases. In surgery, generally the chest bone is cut at the center to reach the heart. The surgeon stops the heart to maintain heart functions and make the operation in a bloodless and still heart. The heart is stopped by connecting it to a device called heart-lung machine which undertakes the functions of the heart and lungs. This is called cardiopulmonary bypass. In some cases, the heart is not stopped as it would be more convenient to make the operation while the heart is functioning.
• Valve Surgery
• Coronary Bypass Surgery
• Coronary Bypass in Functioning Heart
• Aortic Aneurysm
• Carotid Surgery
• Peripheral Artery Disease (blockage in leg veins)
Cardiovascular Surgery in Turkey
Cardiovascular surgery started in Turkey in the 1960s, at the same time with the world. Today, it is rendered in many centers on the same success levels with developed countries. The cardiovascular system is in close relations with mainly pulmonary, renal, metabolic, cerebral system functions. In this respect, cardiovascular surgery requires a multidisciplinary team work in preoperative, operative and postoperative periods.